1 Phrasal Verbs

What are Phrasal Verbs? A phrasal verb is a consolidation of words (a verb + a preposition or verb +adverb) that when used together, usually take on a different meaning to that of the original verb. TAKE OFF Meaning: Make great progress Example: Her singing career took off after her TV appearance. GO OUT Meaning: […]

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2 Prepositions

What is preposition? a preposition is a word (one of the parts of speech and a member of a closed word class) that shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence. Examples: There’s somebody at the bus stop. My train arrives on the tenth of this month. I like […]

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3 Make Polite Requests

Making Requests Would/Will/Could/Can you + main verb + object? Simple form, with no change like S/ED, ED or ING From more polite to less polite Would you mind + main verb + ing + object? verb+ing (present participle) Politely Asking Permission May/Could/Can I + main verb    + object? Simple form, with no change like S/ED, […]

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5 Reduced Adjective Clauses

What’s a reduced adjective clause? When the relative pronoun (who, which, that, etc.) is the subject of the clause and that same relative pronoun is followed by a form of the verb to be, we can reduce an adjective clause by omitting, or deleting, both. Type A: If the verb is … Progressive tense with […]

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8 Adjective Participle

Participle Adjectives Present Structure: verb-ing Meaning: It is the result of a cause (outside) Example: She’s a really interesting woman. She’s lived all over the world and speaks five languages. Past Structure: verb-ed Meaning: It is the feeling of a person (inside) Example: I was more frightened of dogs than spiders when I was a child. JamesESL. […]

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9 Modals

Modals of Possibility Structure: Could/might/may/must + Base form of the main verb Examples: She could decide to join us. My keys might be in the car. (present possibility) I may go traveling next year. (future possibility) Note: May is used in writing (formal) Must is a modal means 100% to be realize Sarah never stops […]

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10 Past perfect progressive

Past perfect progressive Structure: had + (not) + been + verb-ing Explanation: Unfinished or recently finished Example: We had been looking for her ring for two hours and then we found it in the bathroom. Real example: “Mr. Churchill was better than could be expected; and their first removal, on the departure of the funeral for […]

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